Vehicle load limits include total load capacity, seating capacity, towing capacity and cargo capacity. Follow the load limits shown below. Total load capacity and seating capacity are also described on the tire and loading information label. For location of the tire and loading information label, see "Checking tire inflation pressure" on page 355.
Total load capacity:
Total load capacity means combined weight of occupants, cargo and luggage. Tongue load is included when trailer towing.
Seating capacity means the maximum number of occupants whose estimated average weight is 68 kg (150 lb.) per person. Depending on the weight of each person, the seating capacity given may exceed the total load capacity.
Even if the number of occupants are within the seating capacity, do not exceed the total load capacity.
454 kg (1000 lb.) Towing capacity means the maximum gross trailer weight (trailer weight plus its cargo weight) that your vehicle is able to tow.
Cargo capacity may increase or decrease depending on the size (weight) and the number of occupants. For details, see "—Capacity and distribution" that follows.
Do not apply the load more than each load limit. That may cause not only damage to the tires, but also deterioration to the steering ability and braking ability, which may cause an accident.
Cargo and luggage— —Stowage precautions
When stowing cargo and luggage in the vehicle, observe the following:
^ Put cargo and luggage in the trunk when at all possible. Be sure all items are secured in place.
^ Be careful to keep the vehicle balanced. Locating the weight as far forward as possible helps maintain balance.
^ For better fuel economy, do not carry unneeded weight.
^ Do not place anything on the package tray behind the rear seatback. Such items may be thrown about and possibly injure people in the vehicle during sudden braking or an accident.
^ Do not drive with objects left on top of the instrument panel. They may interfere with the driver's field of view. Or they may move during sharp vehicle acceleration or turning, and impair the driver's control of the vehicle. In an accident they may injure the vehicle occupants.
—Capacity and distribution
Cargo capacity depends on the total weight of the occupants.
(Cargo capacity) = (Total load capacity) - (Total weight of occupants)
STEPS FOR DETERMINING
CORRECT LOAD LIMIT
1. Locate the statement "The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX pounds" on your vehicle's placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the "XXX" amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400-750 (5x150)=650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.
For the U.S.A.—Toyota does not recommend towing a trailer with your vehicle. Your vehicle is not designed for trailer towing.
For Canada—For details about trailer towing, see page 299.
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In case that 2 people with the combined weight of 166 kg (366 lb.) are riding in your vehicle with the total load capacity of 397 kg (875 lb.), the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity will be as follows:
397 kg - 166 kg = 231 kg (875 lb. - 366 lb. = 509 lb.)
From this condition, if 3 more passengers with the combined weight of 176 kg (388 lb.) get on, the available cargo and luggage load will be reduced as follows:
As shown in the above example, if the number of occupants increases, the cargo and luggage load equaling the combined weight of occupants who got on later must be reduced. In other words, if the increase in the number of occupants causes the excess of the total load capacity (combined weight of occupants plus cargo and luggage load), you have to reduce the cargo and luggage on your vehicle.
For details about total load capacity, see "Vehicle load limits" on page 283.
Even if the total load of occupant's weight and the cargo load is less than the total load capacity, do not apply the load unevenly. That may cause not only damage to the tire but also deterioration to the steering ability due to unbalance of the vehicle, causing an accident.
Types of tires
Determine what kind of tires your vehicle is originally equipped with.
1. Summer tires
Summer tires are high- speed capability tires best suited to highway driving under dry conditions.
Since summer tires do not have the same traction performance as snow tires, summer tires are inadequate for driving on snow- covered or icy roads. For driving on snow-covered or icy roads, we recommend using snow tires. If installing snow tires, be sure to replace all four tires.
All season tires are designed to provide better traction in snow and to be adequate for driving in most winter conditions, as well as for use all year round.
All season tires, however, do not have adequate traction performance compared with snow tires in heavy or loose snow. Also, all season tires fall short in acceleration and handling performance compared with summer tires in highway driving.
The details about how to distinguish summertires from all season tires are described on page273 in this Section.
Do not mix summerand all season tires on your vehicle as this can cause dangerous handling characteristics, resulting in loss of control.
^Do not use tires otherthan the manufacturer's designated tires, and never mix tires or wheels of the sizes different from the originals.
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