1. HEAT REPAIR FOR BODY STRUCTURE PANELS
Toyota prohibits the use of the heat repair method on body structure panels when repairing a vehicle damaged in a collision.
Panels that have high strength and rigidity, as well as a long life span for the automobile body are in high demand. At Toyota, in order to fulfill these requirements, we use high tensile strength steel sheets and rust preventive steel sheets on the body. High tensile steel sheets are made with alloy additives and a special heat treatment in order to improve their strength.
To prevent the occurrence of rust for a long period of time, the surface of the steel is coated with a zinc alloy. If body structure parts are heat repaired with an acetylene torch or other heating source, the crystalline organization of the steel sheet will change and their strength of the steel sheet will be reduced. The ability of the body to resist rust is significantly lowered as well since the rust resistant zinc coating is destroyed by heat and the steel sheet surface is oxidized.
2. STRUCTURE PANEL KINKS
A sharp deformation angle on a panel that cannot be returned to its original shape by pulling or hammering is called a kink.
Structural parts are designed to perform in their original shape. If parts are deformed in an accident, or if the deformed parts are repaired and reused, the parts may be unable to perform as intended.
It is necessary to replace the part where the kink has occurred.
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