Haynes

The smell of a fluid leaking from the car may provide a clue to what's leaking. Some fluids are distinctively coloured. It may help to clean the car carefully and to park it over some clean paper overnight as an aid to locating the source of the leak.

Remember that some leaks may only occur while the engine is running.

Puddles on the garage floor or drive, or obvious wetness under the bonnet or underneath the car, suggest a leak that needs investigating. It can sometimes be difficult to decide where the leak is coming from, especially if the engine bay is very dirty already. Leaking oil or fluid can also be blown rearwards by the passage of air under the car, giving a false impression of where the problem lies.

Sump oil

Warning: Most automotive oils and fluids are poisonous. Wash them off skin, and change out of contaminated clothing, without delay.

Oil from filter

Identifying leaks

Gearbox oil

Leaking antifreeze often leaves a crystalline deposit like this.

A leak occurring at a wheel is almost certainly brake fluid.

2004 Toyota Carina Steer Rack

Power steering fluid may leak from the pipe connectors on the steering rack.

Towing

When all else fails, you may find yourself having to get a tow home - or of course you may be helping somebody else. Long-distance recovery should only be done by a garage or breakdown service. For shorter distances, DIY towing using another car is easy enough, but observe the following points:

□ Use a proper tow-rope - they are not expensive. The vehicle being towed must display an 'ON TOW' sign in its rear window.

□ Always turn the ignition key to the ACC position when the vehicle is being towed, so that the steering lock is released, and that the direction indicator and brake lights will work.

□ Only attach the tow-rope to the towing eyes provided at the front and rear of the car.

□ Before being towed, release the handbrake and select neutral on the transmission.

□ Note that greater-than-usual pedal pressure will be required to operate the brakes, since the vacuum servo unit is only operational with the engine running.

□ On models with power steering, greater-than-usual steering effort will also be required.

□ The driver of the car being towed must keep the tow-rope taut at all times to avoid snatching.

□ Make sure that both drivers know the route before setting off.

□ Only drive at moderate speeds and keep the distance towed to a minimum. Drive smoothly and allow plenty of time for slowing down at junctions.

□ On models with automatic transmission, special precautions apply. If in doubt, do not tow, or transmission damage may result.

Engine oil may leak from the drain plug...

Antifreeze

Leaking antifreeze often leaves a crystalline deposit like this.

...or from the base of the oil filter.

Brake fluid

A leak occurring at a wheel is almost certainly brake fluid.

Gearbox oil can leak from the seals at the inboard ends of the driveshafts.

Power steering fluid

Power steering fluid may leak from the pipe connectors on the steering rack.

o.io Weekly checks

Introduction

There are some very simple checks which need only take a few minutes to carry out, but which could save you a lot of inconvenience and expense.

These "Weekly checks" require no great skill or special tools, and the small amount of time they take to perform could prove to be very well spent, for example;

□ Keeping an eye on tyre condition and pressures, will not only help to stop them wearing out prematurely, but could also save your life.

□ Many breakdowns are caused by electrical problems. Battery-related faults are particularly common, and a quick check on a regular basis will often prevent the majority of these.

□ If your car develops a brake fluid leak, the first time you might know about it is when your brakes don't work properly. Checking the level regularly will give advance warning of this kind of problem.

□ If the oil or coolant levels run low, the cost of repairing any engine damage will be far greater than fixing the leak, for example.

Underbonnet check points

4 1.6 litre 4A-FE engine

A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap c Coolant expansion tank D Brake fluid reservoir E Power steering fluid reservoir F Screen washer fluid reservoir G Battery

Toyota Carina Diesel Battery

4 2.0 litre 3S-FE engine

A Engine oil level dipstick B Engine oil filler cap C Coolant expansion tank D Brake fluid reservoir E Power steering fluid reservoir F Screen washer fluid reservoir G Battery

Weekly checks o«n

Engine oil level

Before you start

✓ Make sure that your car is on level ground.

✓ Check the oil level before the car is driven, or at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched off.

If the oil is checked immediately after driving the vehicle, some of the oil will remain in the upper engine components, resulting in an inaccurate reading on the dipstick!

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Simple Car Care Tips and Advice

Simple Car Care Tips and Advice

Put an End to All Your Car Troubles. Does Your Car Break Down Often? Are You Spending More On Fuel Than You Thought You Would? Is Maintaining Your Car Eating Into Your Budget? Make Your Car Last Longer with Some Simple Do It Yourself Tips.

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Responses

  • Makda
    Who pick work in car Carina with the FE?
    2 months ago

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