Troubleshooting

Problem

Possible cause

Remedy

Page

Wander/polls

Tires worn or improperly inflated

Replace tires or inflate tires to proper pressure

FA-3

Alignment incorrect

Check front end alignment

FA-3

Wheel bearing adjusted too tight

Adjust wheel bearing

FA-8

Front or rear suspension parts loose or broken

Tighten or replace suspension part

Steering gear out of adjustment or broken

Adjust or repair steering gear

SR-2, 27

Bottoming

Vehicle overloaded

Check loading

Springs weak

Replace spring

FA-11

Sways/pitches

Tires improperly inflated

Inflate tires to proper pressure

FA-3

Stabilizer bar bent or broken

Inspect stabilizer bar

FA-19

Shock absorber worn out

Replace shock absorber

FA-11

Front wheel shimmy

Tires worn or improperly inflated Wheels out of balance

Replace tires or inflate tires to proper pressure

Balance wheels

FA-3

Alignment incorrect

Check front end alignment

FA-3

Wheel bearings worn or improperly adjusted

Replace or adjust wheel bearings

FA-6

Ball joints or bushings worn

Inspect ball joints and bushings

FA-14

Steering gear out of adjustment or broken

Adjust or repair steering gear

SR-2,27

Abnormal tire wear

Tires improperly inflated

Inflate tires to proper pressure

FA-3

Alignment incorrect

Check toe-in

FA-5

Suspension parts worn

Rcplacc suspension part

FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT

1. MAKE FOLLOWING CHECKS AND CORRECT ANY PROBLEMS

(a) Check the tires for wear and proper inflation.

Cold tire inflation pressure: 1.9 kg/cm2 (27 psi, 186 kPa)

(b) Check the wheel runout.

Lateral runout: Less than 1.0 mm (0.039 in.)

(c) Check the front wheel bearings for looseness.

(d) Check the front suspension for looseness.

(e) Check the steering linkage for looseness.

(f) Check that the front absorbers work properly by using the standard bounce test.

Front

H

t1

A

FAÛ271

2. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT

Vehicle height

2. MEASURE VEHICLE HEIGHT

Vehicle height

mm (in.

Tire size

Front A

Rear B

223.0

263.0

225/60 H R14

(8.780)

(10.354)

If height of the vehicle is not as specified, try to level the vehicle by shaking it down. If the height is still not correct, check for bad springs and worn or loose suspension parts.

3. INSTALL WHEEL ALIGNMENT EQUIPMENT

Follow the specific instructions of the equipment manufacturer.

4. ADJUST WHEEL ANGLE

Remove the caps of the knuckle stopper bolts and check the steering angles.

Wheel angle:

Inside wheel 37°35' t 2° Outside wheel 30°45' (Reference)

NOTE: When the steering wheel is fully turned, make sure that the wheel is not touching the body or brake flexible hose.

If steering angles differ from standard value, adjust the wheel angle with the knuckle stopper bolts.

If the wheel angle still cannot be adjusted within limits, inspect and replace any damaged or worn steering parts.

Toyota Mkii Rear Camber Adjust

5. ADJUST CAMBER AND STEERING AXIS INCLINATION

Camber:

Inspection standard 50' ± 45' Left-right error 30'

Steering axis inclination:

Inspection standard 10° 10' ± 45' Left-right error 30'

'AC286

6. ADJUST CASTER Caster:

Inspection standard 4° 10' ± 45' Adjustment standard 4° 10' ± 30' Left-right error 30'

'AC286

If caster is out of tolerance, adjust it at the staked rum of the strut bar.

NOTE: Decrease caster by lengthening the strut bar. Increase caster by shortening the strut bar. One turn of the nut changes caster by 8'.

If caster still cannot be adjusted within limits, inspect and replace damaged or worn front suspension parts.

7. ADJUST TOE-IN

(a) Make sure the wheels are positioned straight ahead.

(b) Mark the center of each rear tread and measure the distance between the marks of right and left tires.

(c) Advance the vehicle until the marks on the rear of the tires come to the front.

NOTE: The toe-in should be measured at the same point on the tire and at the same level.

(d) Measure the distance between the marks on the front of the tires.

Inspection standard: 3 ± 2 mm (0.12 ± 0.08 in.) Adjustment standard: 3 ± 1 mm (0.12 ± 0.04 in.)

Move the Vehicle

Move the Vehicle

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f

-m a m\

Front

B - A ■ Toe-in

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(e) Remove the rack boot clips and loosen the clamp bolts.

(f) Adjust toe-in by turning the left and right tie rod tubes an equal amount.

NOTE: Make sure that the tie rods are the same length.

(g) Tighten the clamp bolts and torque them. Torque: 175 kg-cm (13 ftlb, 17 N-m)

(h) Install the rack boot clips.

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8. INSPECT SIDE SLIP WITH SIDE SLIP TESTER

Side slip limit:

If the side slip exceeds the limit, the toe-in or other front wheel alignment may not be correct.

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Responses

  • piotr
    How to correct toe in toyota celica 1989?
    8 years ago

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