After start ignition control Ignition Control During Starting

Ignition control during starting is defined as the period when the engine is cranking and immediately following cranking. The ignition occurs at a fixed crankshaft angle, approximately 5'- 10' BTDC, regardless of engine operating conditions and this is called the initial timing angle.

Since engine speed is still below a specified RPM and unstable during and immediately after starting, the ignition timing is fixed until engine operation is stabilized.

The ECM recognizes the engine is being cranked when it receives the NE and G signal. On some models, the starter (STa) signal is also used to inform the engine is being cranked.

DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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