The alternator output test checks the ability of the alternator to deliver its rated output of voltage and current. This test should be performed whenever an overcharging or undercharging problem is suspected. Output current and voltage should meet the specifications of the alternator. If not, the alternator or regulator (IC or external) may require replacement.
A Sun VAT-40 tester, similar testers, or a separate voltmeter and ammeter can be used. Toyota repair manuals detail the testing procedures with an ammeter and voltmeter. Follow the manufacturer's instructions when using special testers, although most are operated similarly. The following steps outline a typical procedure for performing the alternator output test using a Sun VAT-40:
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