In the Electronic Spark Advance (ESA) system, the engine is provided with nearly ideal ignition timing characteristics. The ECM determines ignition timing based sensor inputs and on its internal memory, which contains the optimal ignition timing data for each engine running condition. After determining the ignition timing, the ECM sends the ignition Timing signal (IGT) to the igniter. When the IGT signal goes off, the Igniter will turn on shut off primary current flow in the ignition coil producing a high voltage spark (7kV - 35kV) in the cylinder.
Since the ESA always ensures optimal ignition timing, emissions are lowered and both fuel efficiency and engine power output are maintained at optimal levels.
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You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.