Fuel Pressure and Volume Testing

Safety Tips: Prior to installing a fuel pressure gauge and checking fuel pressure, residual pressure must be safely relieved to reduce the hazard of fire when the fuel line is opened. It is advisable to have a fire extinguisher whenever opening the fuel system.

Common gauge hookup locations are at the fuel rail, fuel filter, or the cold start valve using SST #09268-45012 and #09268-45013-01. Repair manual procedures should always be followed. Whenever a fuel hose connection secured with a copper sealing gasket is opened, a new gasket should be used when the hose is re-secured after service.

Fuel pressure and volume tests can be divided into six separate areas.

The following tests and specifications are general guidelines; consult the repair manual for actual specifications and procedures.

Test Condition

A Type

36 PSI)

B Type (41 PSI)

Min.

Max.

Min.

Max.

Engine Cranking

33 PSI

40 PSI

38 PSI

46 PSI

Engine Running (Regulator hose connected)

23 PSI

30 PSI

33 PSI

37 PSI

Engine Running (Regulator hose disconnected)

33 PSI

40 PSI

38 PSI

46 PSI

Engine Off Residual Pressure (after 5 minutes)

> 21 PSI

> 21 PSI

Maximum Pump Pressure* (pressure relief point)

50 PSI

85 PSI

50 PSI

85 PSI

Minimum Delivery Volume (after 30 seconds)

1 liter

1 liter

CAUTION: Perform this test only long enough to determine if pressure rises above minimum specification; risk exists of blowing coupler hose off of pump. This test is only necessary if other pressure tests indicate lower than normal fuel pressure.

CAUTION: Perform this test only long enough to determine if pressure rises above minimum specification; risk exists of blowing coupler hose off of pump. This test is only necessary if other pressure tests indicate lower than normal fuel pressure.

Tester Pressure Fuel Toyota Prius
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