The manifold absolute pressure sensor (sometimes referred to as vacuum sensor) is used on engines equipped with D type EFI. It is typically located somewhere on the bulkhead with a vacuum line leading directly to the intake manifold. It measures intake air volume by monitoring changes in manifold absolute pressure, a function of engine load.
The sensor consists of a piezoresistive silicon chip and an Integrated Circuit (IC). A perfect vacuum is applied to one side of the silicon chip and manifold pressure applied to the other side. When pressure in the intake manifold changes, the silicon chip flexes, causing a change in its resistance. The varying resistance of the sensor causes a change in signal voltage at the PIM (Pressure Intake Manifold) terminal.
The manifold absolute pressure sensor has an electrical connector with three terminals.
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