Visual Inspection

A visual inspection of the starting system can uncover a number of simple, easy-to-correct problems.

• SAFETY FIRST: The same safety considerations used in checking the battery apply here. Remove rings, wristwatch, other jewelry that might contact battery terminals. Wear safety glasses and protective clothing. Be careful not to spill electrolyte and know what to do if electrolyte gets in your eyes, on your skin or clothing, or on the car's finish. Write down programmed settings on electronic components. Avoid causing sparks.

• STARTING PERFORMANCE: Check the starting performance. Problem symptoms, possible causes, and needed actions are shown in the chart on the previous page.

• BATTERY CHECKS: Inspect the battery for corrosion, loose connections. Check the electrolyte level, condition of the plates and separators, and state of charge (specific gravity or open-circuit voltage). Load test the battery. It must be capable of providing at least 9.6 volts during cranking.

STARTER CABLES: Check the cable condition and connections. Insulation should not be worn or damaged. Connections should be clean and tight.

STARTER CONTROL CIRCUIT: Check the operation of the ignition switch. Current should be supplied to the magnetic switch when the ignition is "on" and the clutch switch or neutral start switch is closed. Faulty parts that prevent cranking can be located using a remote-control starter switch and a jumper wire. Use the "split half" diagnosis method. Ohmmeter checks can also identify component problems.

Visual Inspection For Engine Control
Do It Yourself Car Diagnosis

Do It Yourself Car Diagnosis

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