Ii

Outside temperature

UILD' G

SAE 5W-30 is the best choice for good fuel economy and good starting in cold weather.

If SAE 5W-30 is not available, SAE 10W-30 may be used. However, it should be replaced with SAE 5W-30 at the next oil change.

Oil identification ma

The ILSAC (Internat dardization and Appro fication Mark is add tainers to help you should use.

SAE 5W-20 or 0W-20 engine oil may be used. However, SAE 0W-20 is the best choice for good fuel economy and good starting in cold weather.

To ensure excellent lubrication performance for your engine, "Toyota Genuine Motor Oil" is available, which has been specifically tested and approved for all Toyota engines.

Please contact your Toyota dealer for further details about "Toyota Genuine Motor Oil".

Checking the engine coolant level

Look at the see-through coolant reservoir when the engine is cold. The coolant level is satisfactory if it is between the "FULL" and "LOW" lines on the reservoir. If the level is low, add the coolant. (For the coolant type, see "Coolant type selection" described below.)

The coolant level in the reservoir will vary with engine temperature. However, if the level is below the "LOW" line, add coolant. Bring the level between the "FULL" and "LOW" lines.

If the coolant level drops within a short time after replenishing, there may be a leak in the system. Visually check the radiator, hoses, coolant reservoir cap and drain cock and water pump.

If you can find no leak, have your Toyota dealer test the cap pressure and check for leaks in the cooling system.

To prevent burning yourself, do not remove the coolant reservoir cap when the engine is hot.

Coolant type select

Use of improper c< your engine cooling s

Only use "Toyota Suf or similar high qu based non-silicate, n and non-borate cc hybrid organic acid with long-life hy technology is a phosphates and orga

For the U.S.A.—"Toy Coolant" is a mixture 50% deionized wate vides protection do (- 31 °F).

For Canada—"Toyot Coolant" is a mixture 45% deionized wate vides protection dow (- 44°F).

Do not use plain

Toyota recommends "Toyota Super Long Life Coolant", which has been tested to ensure that it will not cause corrosion nor result in malfunction of your engine coolant system with proper usage. "Toyota Super Long Life Coolant" is formulated with long-life hybrid organic acid technology and has been specifically designed to avoid engine cooling system malfunction on Toyota vehicles.

Please contact your Toyota dealer for further details.

Checking the radiator and condenser

If any of the above parts are extremely dirty or you are not sure of their condition, take your vehicle to a Toyota dealer.

To prevent burning yourself, be careful not to touch the radiator or condenser when the engine is hot.

NOTICE

To prevent damage to the radiator and condenser, do not perform the work by yourself.

Checking brake

To check the fluid the see- through r should be betwee "MIN" lines on the

It is normal for the t down slightly as the be sure to keep the

If the reservoir need may indicate a serio lem.

If the level is low, FMVSS No.116 DOT brake reservoir.

Checking tire inflation pressure

Remove and replace the reservoir cap by hand. Fill the brake fluid to the dotted line. This brings the fluid to the correct level when you put the cap back on.

Use only newly opened brake fluid. Once opened, brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air, and excess moisture can cause a dangerous loss of braking.

Take care when filling the reservoir because brake fluid can harm your hands or eyes. If fluid gets on your hands or in your eyes, flush the affected area with clean water immediately. If you still feel uncomfortable with your hands or eyes, go to the doctor.

NOTICE

If you spill some of the fluid, be sure to wipe it off to prevent it from damaging the parts or paintwork.

Keep your tire in at the proper lev

The recommended pressures, tire si bined weight of oc (vehicle capacity scribed on page 3 are also on the tire mation label.

You should checl pressure every two once a month. An spare!

The following instructions for checking tire inflation pressure should be observed:

• The pressure should be checked only when the tires are cold. If your vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours and has not been driven for more than 1.5 km or 1 mile since, you will get an accurate cold tire inflation pressure reading.

• Always use a tire pressure gauge. The appearance of a tire can be misleading. Besides, tire inflation pressures that are even just a few pounds off can degrade ride and handling.

• Do not bleed or reduce tire inflation pressure after driving.

It is normal for the tire inflation pressure to be higher after driving.

• Never exceed the vehicle capacity weight. Passenger and luggage weight should be located so that the vehicle is balanced.

INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT

PROCEDURE

1. Remove the tire valve cap.

2. Press the tip of the tire pressure gauge to the tire valve.

3. Read the pressure using the graduations of the gauge.

4. In case the tire inflation pressure is not within the prescribed range, insert the compressed air from the valve. In case of applying too much air, press the center of the valve and release the air to adjust.

5. After completir pressure meas justment, apply valve and che

6. Install the tire

If a gauge and air | able, have your v your Toyota deale

^CAl

Be sure to reins caps. Without th or moisture co valve core and c If the caps have new ones put on sible.

Incorrect tire infla waste fuel, reduce ing, reduce tire life hicle less safe to

If a tire frequent have it checked by er.

/j\ CAUTION

Keep your tires properly inflated. Otherwise, the following conditions may occur and cause an accident resulting in death or serious injuries.

Low tire pressure (underinfla-tion)—

• Excessive wear

• Poor handling

• Possibility of blowouts from an overheated tire

• Poor sealing of the tire bead

• Wheel deformation and/or tire separation

• A greater possibility of tire damage from road hazards

High tire pressure (overinflation)—

• Poor handling

• Excessive wear

• A greater possibility of tire damage from road hazards

Checking and r

Tread we

Tread we

CHECKING YOUI

Check the tire's wear indicators. show, replace th tion of tread we shown by the "TW etc., molded on each tire.

The tires on your Toyota have built- in tread wear indicators to help you know when the tires need replacement. When the tread depth wears to 1.6 mm (0.06 in.) or less, the indicators will appear. If you can see the indicators in two or more adjacent grooves, the tire should be replaced. The lower the tread, the higher the risk of skidding.

The effectiveness of snow tires is lost if the tread wears down below 4 mm (0.16 in.).

If you have tire damage such as cuts, splits, cracks deep enough to expose the fabric, or bulges indicating internal damage, the tire should be replaced.

If a tire often goes flat or cannot be properly repaired due to the size or location of a cut or other damage, it should be replaced. If you are not sure, consult with your Toyota dealer.

If air loss occurs while driving, do not continue driving. Driving even a short distance can damage a tire beyond repair.

Any tires which are over 6 years old must be checked by a qualified technician even if damage is not obvious.

Tires deteriorate with age even if they have never or seldom been used.

This applies also to the spare tire and tires stored for future use.

REPLACING YO1

When replacing « the same size a and the same or load as the ori tires. Also, on ' models, all the t same brand and tread patterns.

Using any other s may seriously aff speedometer/odoi ground clearance, tween the body a chains.

Check that the ma replaced tire is gre Gross Axle Weigh of either the fron axle, whichever is maximum load of tl limit at maximum pressure mention of the tire, and as Weight Ratings (G tification Label.

Rotating tires

For details about the side wall of the tire and the Certification Label, see pages 289 and 292.

/t\ CAUTION

Observe the following instructions. Otherwise, an accident may occur resulting in death or serious injuries.

• Do not mix radial, bias belted, or bias-ply tires on your vehicle, as this may cause dangerous handling characteristics resulting in loss of control.

• Do not use tires other than the manufacturer's recommended size, as this may cause dangerous handling characteristics resulting in loss of control.

• Four-wheel drive models: Do not use tires of different brands, sizes, construction or tread patterns, as this may cause dangerous handling characteristics resulting in loss of control.

Toyota recommends all four tires, or at least both of the front or rear tires be replaced at a time as a set.

See "If you have a flat tire" on page 325 in Section 4 for tire change procedure.

When a tire is replaced, the wheel should always be balanced.

An unbalanced wheel may affect vehicle handling and tire life. Wheels can get out of balance with regular use and should therefore be balanced occasionally.

When replacing a tubeless tire, the air valve should also be replaced with a new one.

Rotating tires

With a spare t wheel type as tl
With a spare tire of different wheel type from the installed tires

To equalize tire wear and help extend tire life, Toyota recommends that you rotate your tires according to the maintenance schedule. (For scheduled maintenance information, please refer to the "Scheduled Maintenance Guide" or "Owner's Manual Supplement".) However, the most appropriate timing for tire rotation may vary according to your driving habits and road surface conditions.

See "If you have a flat tire" on page 325 in Section 4 for tire change procedure.

When rotating tires, check for uneven wear and damage. Abnormal wear is usually caused by incorrect tire pressure, improper wheel alignment, out-of- balance wheels, or severe braking.

Installing snow chains

WHEN TO USE CHAINS

Snow tires or chair when driving on sn

On wet or dry roat provide better tractio

SNOW TIRE SELECT

If you need snow t the same size, co capacity as the orig Also, on four-whet the tires must be t have the same trea

Do not use tires ot tioned above. Do no without first checking possible restrictions.

_Acau

Observe the folli Otherwise, an acci sulting in death or

• Do not use sno the manufacturer ze, as this may handling characte loss of control.

• Four-wheel drive models: Do not use snow tires of different brands, sizes, construction or tread patterns, as this may cause dangerous handling characteristics resulting in loss of control.

SNOW TIRE INSTALLATION

Snow tires should be installed on all wheels.

Installing snow tires on the front wheels only can lead to an excessive difference in road grip capability between the front and rear tires, which could cause loss of vehicle control.

When storing removed tires, you should store them in a cool dry place.

Mark the direction of rotation and be sure to install them in the same direction when replacing.

TIRE CHAIN SELECTION

Use the tire chains of correct size.

For 215/70R16, 225/65R17 and 235/55R18 tires, use the following type chains.

A Diameter of side chain 3 (0.12)

B Width of side chain 10 (0.39)

C Length of side chain 30 (1.18)

D Diameter of cross chain 4 (0.16)

E Width of cross chain 14 (0.55)

F Length of cross chain 25 (0.98)

Regulations regarding the use of tire chains vary according to location or type of road, so always check local regulations before installing chains.

/l\ CAUTION

• Do not drive with the snow tires incorrectly inflated.

• Never drive over 120 km/h (75 mph) with any type of snow tires.

If the wrong comb chain is used, the age the vehicle be

CHAIN INSTALLATIO

Install the chains o tightly as possible chains on the re chains after driv (1/4—1/2 mile).

When installing chain fully follow the instr manufacturer.

If wheel covers are scratched by the ch the covers before pu

/l\ CAUTION

• Do not exceed 50 km/h (30 mph) or the chain manufacturer's recommended speed limit, whichever is lower.

• Drive carefully avoiding bumps, holes, and sharp turns, which may cause the vehicle to bounce.

• Avoid sharp turns or locked-wheel braking, as use of chains may adversely affect vehicle handling.

• When driving with chains installed, be sure to drive carefully. Slow down before entering curves to avoid losing control of the vehicle. Otherwise an accident may occur.

Replacing wheels

WHEN TO REPLACE YOUR WHEELS

If you have wheel damage such as bending, cracks or heavy corrosion, the wheel should be replaced.

If you fail to replace a damaged wheel, the tire may slip off the wheel or cause loss of handling control.

WHEEL SELECTION

When replacing wheels, care should be taken to ensure that the wheels are replaced by ones with the same load capacity, diameter, rim width, and offset.

Correct replacement wheels are available at your Toyota dealer.

A wheel of a different size or type may adversely affect handling, wheel and bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer/odometer calibration, stopping ability, headlight aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance, and tire or snow chain clearance to the body and chassis.

Replacement with us ommended as they jected to rough treat and could fail withoi wheels which have b have structural dai should not be used. tube in a leaking wh for a tubeless tire.

ACAU

Observe the folli Otherwise, an acci sulting in death or

• Do not use whe manufacturer's r as this may cau dling characteri loss of control.

• Four-wheel drive Do not use w brands, sizes a may cause da characteristics re control.

Aluminum wheel precautions

• When installing aluminum wheels, check that the wheel nuts are tight after driving your vehicle the first 1600 km (1000 miles).

• If you have rotated, repaired, or changed your tires, check that the wheel nuts are still tight after driving 1600 km (1000 miles).

• When using tire chains, be careful not to damage the aluminum wheels.

• Use only Toyota wheel nuts and wrench designed for your aluminum wheels.

• When balancing your wheels, use only Toyota balance weights or equivalent and a plastic or rubber hammer.

• As with any wheel, periodically check your aluminum wheels for damage. If damaged, replace immediately.

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