Outline of ECT

The conventional automatic transmission operates by mechanically converting vehicle speed into governor pressure, and throttle opening into throttle pressure, and using these hydraulic pressures to control the operation of the clutches and brakes in the planetary gear unit, thus controlling the timing of up-shift and down shift of the transmission. This is called the "hydraulic control method/'

In the case of the ECT, on the other hand, sensors electronically sense the speed of the vehicle and the throttle opening and send these information to the electronic controlled unit (hereafter called ECU) in the form of electrical signals. The ECU then controls the operation of the clutches and brakes based on these data, thus controlling the timing of the shift points.

SHIFT CONTROL

• Hydraulic Controlled Transmission

Shifting in the fully hydraulic controlled automatic transmission is carried out by the hydraulic control unit in the following way:

Shift And Speed Cable For Tercel 1996

Throttle Cable

I Throttle Valvt , , (Throttle

: Openirvg S^nal)

Throttle Cable c.

I Throttle Valvt , , (Throttle

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(Vehicle Speed Signal)

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THROTTLE VALVE

-GOVERNOR VALVE

The throttle vaK/e in the hydraulic control unit generates hydraulic pressure in proportion to the amount that the accelerator pedal is depressed; this pressure (called "throttle pres sure") acts as a throttle opening "signal" to the hydraulic control unit.

The governor valve generates hydraulic pressure in proportion to the speed of the vehicle; this pressure (called "governor pressure") acts as a vehicle speed "signal" to the hydraulic control unit.

-HYDRAULIC CONTROL UNIT

Governor pressure and throttle pressure cause the shift valves in the hydraulic control unit to operate; the strengths of these pressures control the movements of these valves, and these vah/es control the fluid passage to the clutches and brakes in the planetary gear unit, which in turn control the shifting of the transmission.

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