Description

When the engine misfires, high concentrations of hydrocarbons (HC) enter the exhaust gas. Extremely high HC concentration levels can cause increase in exhaust emission levels. High concentrations of HC can also cause increases in the Three-Way Catalytic Converter (TWC) temperature, which may cause damage to the TWC. To prevent this increase in emissions and to limit the possibility of thermal damage, the ECM monitors the misfire rate. When the temperature of the TWC reaches the point of thermal degradation, the ECM blinks the MIL. To monitor misfires, the ECM uses both the Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor and the Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor. The CMP sensor is used to identify any misfiring cylinders and the CKP sensor is used to measure variations in the crankshaft rotation speed. Misfires are counted when the crankshaft rotation speed variations exceed predetermined thresholds.

CMP Sensor

@ 1=1--

ECM

Q Q-~

CKP Sensor

^->

Y

G037115E02

If the misfire exceeds the threshold levels, and could cause emission deterioration, the ECM illuminates the MIL and sets a DTC.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Conditions

Trouble Areas

• Open or short in engine wire harness

• Connector connection

• Vacuum hose connections

• Ignition system

• Injector

• Fuel pressure

P0300

Simultaneous misfiring of several cylinders detected (2 trip detection logic)

• Air induction system

• Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor

• Compression pressure

• Valve clearance

• PCV hose connections

• ECM

DTC No.

DTC Detection Conditions

Trouble Areas

• Open or short in engine wire harness

• Connector connection

• Vacuum hose connections

• Ignition system

• Injector

P0301 P0302

• Fuel pressure

Misfiring of specific cylinder detected

• Air induction system

• Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor

P0303 P0304

(2 trip detection logic)

• Valve clearance

• PCV hose connections

When DTCs for misfiring cylinders are randomly set, but DTC P0300 is not set, it indicates that misfires have been detected in different cylinders at different times. DTC P0300 is only set when several misfiring cylinders are detected at the same time. Reference: Inspection using an oscilloscope

With the engine idling, check the waveform between terminals #10 to #40 and E01 of the ECM connectors.

Items

Contents

Terminals

# 10 to # 40 - E01

Equipment Settings

20 V/Division, 100 or 1 ms/Division

Conditions

The correct waveform is as shown.

Injector Signal Waveform

GND

Magnification

20 V/DIV. GND

■I

/

Y

100 msec./DIV. (Idling)

Injection Duration 1 msec./DIV. (Idling)

A121608E01

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