Break-in period 178
Fuel pump shut off system 180
Operation in foreign countries 180
Three-way catalytic converter 180
Engine exhaust cautions 181
Facts about engine oil consumption 182
Iridium-tipped spark plugs 183
Brake system 184
Electric power steering system 187
Brake pad wear limit indicators 188
Your Toyota's identification 188
Theft prevention labels 189
Suspension and chassis 190
Tire information 191
Cargo and luggage 202
Types of tires 204
Your vehicle does not need an elaborate break-in. But following a few simple tips for the first 1600 km (1000 miles) can add to the future economy and long life of your vehicle:
• Avoid full throttle acceleration when starting and driving.
• Avoid racing the engine.
• Try to avoid hard stops during the first 300 km (200 miles).
• Do not drive slowly with the manual transmission in a high gear.
• Do not drive for a long time at any single speed, either fast or slow.
• Do not tow a trailer during the first 800 km (500 miles).
To help prevent gas station mix-ups, your Toyota has a smaller fuel tank opening. The special nozzle on pumps with unleaded fuel will fit it, but the larger standard nozzle on pumps with leaded gas will not.
At a minimum, the gasoline you use should meet specifications of ASTM D4814 in the U.S.A. and CGSB 3.5-M93 in Canada.
Do not use leaded gasoline. Use of leaded gasoline will cause the three-way catalytic converter to lose its effectiveness and the emission control system to function improperly. Also, this can increase maintenance costs.
Select Octane Rating 87 (Research Octane Number 91) or higher.
Use of unleaded gasoline with an octane rating or research octane number lower than stated above will cause persistent heavy knocking. If it is severe, this will lead to engine damage.
If you detect heavy knocking even when using the recommended fuel, or if you hear steady knocking while holding a steady speed on level roads, consult your Toyota dealer.
However, occasionally, you may notice light knocking for a short time while accelerating or driving up hills. This is normal and there is no need for concern.
GASOLINES CONTAINING DETERGENT ADDITIVES
Toyota recommends the use of gasoline that contain detergent additives to avoid build-up of engine deposits.
However, all gasoline sold in the U.S. contains detergent additives to keep clean and/or clean intake systems.
Automotive manufacturers in the U.S., Europe and Japan have developed a specification for quality fuel named World-Wide Fuel Charter (WWFC) that is expected to be applied world wide. The WWFC consists of four categories that depend on required emission levels. In the U.S., category 4 has been adopted. The WWFC improves air quality by providing for better emissions in vehicle fleets, and customer satisfaction through better vehicle performance.
CLEANER BURNING GASOLINE
Cleaner burning gasoline, including reformulated gasoline that contains oxygenates such as ethanol or MTBE is available in many areas.
Toyota recommends the use of cleaner burning gasoline and appropriately blended reformulated gasoline. These types of gasoline provide excellent vehicle performance, reduce vehicle emissions, and improve air quality.
Toyota allows the use of oxygenate blended gasoline where the oxygenate content is up to 10% ethanol or 15% MTBE. If you use gasohol in your Toyota, be sure that it has an octane rating no lower than 87.
Toyota does not recommend the use of gasoline containing methanol.
GASOLINE CONTAINING MMT
Some gasoline contain an octane enhancing additive called MMT (Methylcy-cropentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl).
Toyota does not recommend the use of gasoline that contains MMT. If fuel containing MMT is used, your emission control system may be adversely affected. The Malfunction Indicator Lamp on the instrument cluster may come on. If this happens, contact your Toyota dealer for service.
In a very few cases, you may experience drivability problems caused by the particular gasoline that you are using. If you continue to have unacceptable drivability, try changing gasoline brands. If this does not rectify your problem, then consult your Toyota dealer.
♦ Do not use gasohol other than stated above. It will cause fuel system damage or vehicle performance problems.
♦ If driveability problems occur (poor hot starting, vaporizing, engine knock, etc.), discontinue the use.
♦ Take care not to spill gasohol during refueling. Gasohol may cause paint damage.
FUEL TANK CAPACITY
Fuel pump shut off system
The fuel pump shut off system stops supplying fuel to the engine to minimize the risk of fuel leakage when the engine stalls or an airbag inflates upon collision. To restart the engine after the fuel pump shut off system activates, turn the ignition switch to "ACC" or "LOCK" once and start it.
Operation in foreign countries
If you plan to drive your Toyota in another country...
First, comply with the vehicle registration laws.
Second, confirm the availability of the correct fuel (unleaded and minimum octane number).
Three-way catalytic converter
The purpose is to reduce pollutants in the exhaust gas.
Inspect the ground under the vehicle before restarting the engine. If you find that liquid has leaked onto the ground, it is the fuel system has been damaged and it is in need of repair. In this case, do not restart the engine.
• Keep people and combustible materials away from the exhaust pipe while the engine is running. The exhaust gas is very hot.
• Do not drive, idle or park your vehicle over anything that might burn easily such as grass, leaves, paper or rags.
Engine exhaust cautions
A large amount of unburned gases flowing into the three-way catalytic converter may cause it to overheat and create a fire hazard. To prevent this and other damage, observe the following precautions:
♦ Use only unleaded gasoline.
♦ Do not drive with an extremely low fuel level; running out of fuel could cause the engine to misfire, creating an excessive load on the three-way catalytic converter.
♦ Do not allow the engine to run at idle speed for more than 20 minutes.
♦ Avoid racing the engine.
♦ Do not push-start or pull-start your vehicle.
♦ Do not turn off the ignition while the vehicle is moving.
♦ Keep your engine in good running order. Malfunctions in the engine electrical system, electronic ignition system/distributor ignition system or fuel system could cause an extremely high three-way catalytic converter temperature.
♦ If the engine becomes difficult to start or stalls frequently, take your vehicle in for a check-up as soon as possible. Remember, your Toyota dealer knows your vehicle and its three-way catalytic converter system best.
♦ To ensure that the three-way catalytic converter and the entire emission control system operate properly, your vehicle must receive the periodic inspections required by the Toyota Maintenance Schedule. For scheduled maintenance information, refer to the "Scheduled Maintenance Guide" or "Owner's Manual Supplement".
• Avoid inhaling the engine exhaust. It contains carbon monoxide, which is a colorless and odorless gas. It can cause unconsciousness or even death.
• Make sure the exhaust system has no holes or loose connections. The system should be checked from time to time. If you hit something, or notice a change in the sound of the exhaust, have the system checked immediately.
• Do not run the engine in a garage or enclosed area except for the time needed to drive the vehicle in or out. The exhaust gases cannot escape, making this a particularly dangerous situation.
• Do not remain for a long time in a parked vehicle with the engine running. If it is unavoidable, however, do so only in an unconfined area and adjust the heating or cooling system to force outside air into the vehicle.
• Keep the back door closed while driving. An open or unsealed back door may cause exhaust gases to be drawn into the vehicle.
• To allow proper operation of your vehicle's ventilation system, keep the inlet grilles in front of the windshield clear of snow, leaves, or other obstructions.
• If you smell exhaust fumes in the vehicle, open the windows and close the back door to ensure plenty of fresh air enters the vehicle. If you can smell exhaust fumes even though there are no other vehicles in the surrounding area, have your vehicle checked by your Toyota dealer. Continued inhalation of exhaust fumes can lead to death by gas poisoning.
Facts about engine oil consumption
Engine oil has the primary functions of lubricating and cooling the inside of the engine, and plays a major role in maintaining the engine in proper working order.
It is normal that an engine should consume some engine oil during normal engine operation. The causes of oil consumption in a normal engine are as follows.
• Oil is used to lubricate pistons, piston rings and cylinders. A thin film of oil is left on the cylinder wall when a piston moves downwards in the cylinder. High negative pressure generated when the vehicle is decelerating sucks some of this oil into the combustion chamber. This oil as well as some part of the oil film left on the cylinder wall is burned by the high temperature combustion gases during the combustion process.
• Oil is also used to lubricate the stems of the intake valves. Some of this oil is sucked into the combustion chamber together with the intake air and is burned along with the fuel. High temperature exhaust gases also burn the oil used to lubricate the exhaust valve stems.
The amount of engine oil consumed depends on the viscosity of the oil, the quality of the oil and the conditions the vehicle is driven under.
More oil is consumed by high-speed driving and frequent acceleration and deceleration.
A new engine consumes more oil, since its pistons, piston rings and cylinder walls have not become conditioned.
Oil consumption: Max. 1.0 L per 1000 km (1.1 qts./600 miles, 0.9 lmp.qts./600 miles)
When judging the amount of oil consumption, note that the oil may become diluted and make it difficult to judge the true level accurately.
As an example, if a vehicle is used for repeated short trips, and consumes a normal amount of oil, the dipstick may not show any drop in the oil level at all, even after 1000 km (600 miles) or more. This is because the oil is gradually becoming diluted with fuel or moisture, making it appear that the oil level has not changed.
The diluting ingredients evaporate out when the vehicle is then driven at high speeds, as on an express way, making it appear that oil is excessively consumed after driving at high speeds.
One of the most important points in proper vehicle maintenance is to keep the engine oil at the optimum level so that oil function will not be impaired. Therefore, it is essential that the oil level be checked regularly. Toyota recommends that the oil level be checked every time you refuel the vehicle.
For detailed information on oil level check, see "Checking the engine oil level" on page 270 in Section 7-2.
Iridium-tipped spark plugs
Your engine is fitted with iridium-tipped spark plugs.
Use only iridium-tipped spark plugs. Do not adjust gaps for engine performance or smooth driveability.
Failure to check the oil level regularly could lead to serious engine trouble due to insufficient oil.
The tandem master cylinder brake system is a hydraulic system with two separate sub-systems. If either sub-system should fail, the other will still work. However, the pedal will be harder to press, and your stopping distance will increase. Also, the brake system warning light may come on.
The brake booster uses engine vacuum to power-assist the brakes. If the engine should quit while you are driving, you can bring the vehicle to a stop with normal pedal pressure. There is enough reserved vacuum for one or two stops—but no more!
• Do not pump the brake pedal if the engine stalls. Each push on the pedal uses up your reserved vacuum.
• Even if the power assist is completely lost, the brakes will still work. But you will have to push the pedal hard, much harder than normal. And your braking distance will increase.
ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (with "ABS" warning light)
The anti-lock brake system is designed to help prevent lock-up of the wheels during a sudden braking or braking on slippery road surfaces. This assists in providing directional stability and steering performance of the vehicle under these circumstances.
Effective way to press the ABS brake pedal:
When the anti-lock brake system function is in action, you may feel the brake pedal pulsating and hear a noise. In this situation, to let the anti-lock brake system work for you, just hold the brake pedal down more firmly. Do not pump the brake in a panic stop. This will result in reduced braking performance.
The anti-lock brake system becomes operative after the vehicle has accelerated to a speed in excess of approximately 10 km/h (6 mph). It stops operating when the vehicle decelerates to a speed below approximately 5 km/h (3 mph).
Depressing the brake pedal on slippery road surfaces such as on a manhole cover, a steel plate at a construction site, joints in a bridge, etc. on a rainy day tends to activate the anti-lock brake system.
You may hear a click or motor sound in the engine compartment for a few seconds when the engine is started or just after the vehicle begins to move. This means that the anti-lock brake system is in the self-check mode, and does not indicate a malfunction.
Do not drive your vehicle with only a single brake system. Have your brakes fixed immediately.
When the anti-lock brake system is activated, the following conditions may occur. They do not indicate a malfunction of the system:
• You may hear the anti-lock brake system operating and feel the brake pedal pulsating and the vibrations of the vehicle body and steering wheel. You may also hear the motor sound in the engine compartment even after the vehicle is stopped.
• At the end of the anti-lock brake system activation, the brake pedal may move a little forward.
Do not overestimate the anti-lock brake system: Although the anti-lock brake system assists in providing vehicle control, it is still important to drive with all due care and maintain a moderate speed and safe distance from the vehicle in front of you, because there are limits to the vehicle stability and effectiveness of steering wheel operation even with the anti-lock brake system on.
If tire grip performance exceeds its capability, or if hydroplaning occurs during high speed driving in the rain, the anti-lock brake system does not provide vehicle control.
Anti-lock brake system is not designed to shorten the stopping distance: Always drive at a moderate speed and maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you. Compared with vehicles without an anti-lock brake system, your vehicle may require a longer stopping distance in the following cases:
• Driving on rough, gravel or snow-covered roads.
• Driving with tire chains installed.
• Driving over the steps such as the joints on the road.
• Driving on roads where the road surface is pitted or has other differences in surface height.
Install all 4 tire of specified size at appropriate pressure: The anti-lock brake system detects vehicle speeds using the speed sensors for respective wheels' turning speeds. The use of tires other than specified may fail to detect the accurate turning speed resulting in a longer stopping distance.
Type B 186
"ABS" warning light
This light comes on when the ignition key is turned to the "ON" position. If the anti-lock brake system works properly, the light turns off after a few seconds. Thereafter, if the system malfunctions, the light comes on again.
When the "ABS" warning light is on (and the brake system warning light is off), the anti-lock brake system does not operate, but the brake system still operates conventionally.
When the "ABS" warning light is on (and the brake system warning light is off), the anti-lock brake system does not operate so that the wheels could lock up during a sudden braking or braking on slippery road surfaces.
If either of the following conditions occurs, this indicates a malfunction somewhere in the components monitored by the warning light system. Contact your Toyota dealer as soon as possible to service the vehicle.
• The light does not come on when the ignition key is turned to the "ON" position, or remains on.
• The light comes on while you are driving.
A warning light turning on briefly during operation does not indicate a problem.
If the "ABS" warning light remains on together with the brake system warning light, immediately stop your vehicle at a safe place and contact your Toyota dealer.
In this case, not only the anti-lock brake system will fail but also the vehicle will become extremely unstable during braking.
Electric power steering system
The electric power steering system, using an electric motor, assists the turning of the steering wheel.
In the following cases, you may feel the steering becomes heavy. But it is not a malfunction.
• When maneuvering or turning frequently over a long time
The power steering effect will be reduced to prevent the system from overheating. Avoid turning the steering wheel, or stop the vehicle and turn the ignition key to "ACC" or "LOCK". The system will become cool in about 10 minutes.
• When the battery is discharged
Check the battery's condition. If necessary, recharge or replace the battery. For details, see "Checking battery condition" on page 284 in Section 7-3.
In the following case, you may feel the steering becoming heavy. Then, after 5 minutes or more, the electric power steering system warning light comes on. But it is not a malfunction.
• When racing the engine for 30 seconds or more with the vehicle stopped
The normal power steering effect will be obtained and the warning light will go off when you start driving.
When the steering wheel is turned, a motor operating sound (whining sound) may be heard. This occurs when the power steering motor works and is not defective.
Electric power steering system warning light
The light comes on when the ignition key is turned to the "ON" position. If the electric power steering system warning light works properly, the light turns off after a few seconds. If the system has malfunctions, the light comes on again.
If the following conditions occur, this indicates a malfunction somewhere in the parts monitored by the warning light system. Contact your Toyota dealer as soon as possible to service the vehicle.
• The light does not come on when the ignition key is turned to the "ON" position or remains on. 2007 YARIS HATCHBACK from Jan. '06 Prod. (OM52700U) 187
Frequent maneuvering and turning over a long time may cause damage to the system in which the mechanism prevents overheating of the electric power steering system.
• The light stays on while you are driving.
The warning light turning on while racing the engine for a long time may not indicate malfunction. To turn off the light, restart the engine and start driving.
Brake pad wear limit indicators
The brake pad wear limit indicators on your disc brakes give a warning noise when the brake pads are worn to where replacement is required.
If you hear a squealing or scraping noise while driving, have the brake pads checked and replaced by your Toyota dealer as soon as possible. Expensive rotor damage can result if the pads are not replaced when necessary.
Your Toyota's identification— —Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number (VIN) is the legal identifier for your vehicle. This number is on the left top of the instrument panel, and can be seen through the windshield from outside.
This is the primary identification number for your Toyota. It is used in registering the ownership of your vehicle.
If the electric power steering system warning light comes on, take your vehicle to Toyota dealer as soon as possible. In this case, more effort is required for the steering wheel to turn than usual. Grip the steering wheel firmly when driving.
The vehicle identification number (VIN) is also on the Certification Label.
Theft prevention labels (except for Canada)
Your new vehicle carries theft prevention labels which are approximately 47 mm (1.85 in.) by 12 mm (0.47 in.).
The purpose of these labels is to reduce the incidence of vehicle thefts by facilitating the tracing and recovery of parts from stolen vehicles. The label is designed so that once it is applied to a surface, any attempt to remove it will result in destroying the integrity of the label. Transferring these labels intact from one part to another, will be impossible.
You should not attempt to remove the theft prevention labels as it may violate certain state or federal laws.
Suspension and chassis /l\ CAUTION
Do not modify the suspension/chassis with lift kits, spacers, springs, etc. It can cause dangerous vehicle handling characteristics, resulting in loss of control.
Tire information— —Tire symbols (Standard tire)
This illustration indicates typical tire symbols.
1. Tire size—For details, see "Tire size" on page 195.
2. DOT and Tire Identification Number (TIN)—For details, see "DOT and Tire Identification Number (TIN)" on page 194.
3. Location of tread wear indicators—For details, see "Checking and replacing tires" on page 276.
4. Tire ply composition and materials—Plies mean a layer of rubber-coated parallel cords. Cords mean the strands forming the plies in the tire.
5. Radial tires or bias-ply tires—A
radial tire has "RADIAL" on the sidewalk A tire not marked with "RADIAL" is a bias-ply tire.
6. "TUBELESS" or "TUBE TYPE"—A tubeless tire does not have a tube inside the tire and air is directly filled in the tire. A tube type tire has a tube inside the tire and the tube maintains the air pressure.
7. Load limit at maximum cold tire inflation pressure—For details, see "Checking and replacing tires" on page 276.
8. Maximum cold tire inflation pressure—This means the pressure to which a tire may be inflated. For recommended cold tire inflation pressure, see "Tires" on page 299.
9. Summer tire or all season tire—An all season tire has "M+S" on the sidewalk The tire not marked with "M+S" is a summer tire. For details, see "Types of tires" on page 204.
10.Uniform tire quality grading—
For details, see "Uniform tire quality grading" that follows.
—Tire symbols (Compact spare tire)
This illustration indicates typical tire symbols.
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