(1) Always take measurements before installing under-body or engine components to ensure correct assembly. After installation, confirm proper fit.


(1) The number of welding spots should be as follows.

Spot weld: 1.3 X No. of manufacturer's spots. Plug weld: More than No. of manufacturer's plugs.

(2) Plug welding should be done with a MIG (Metal Inert Gas) welder. Do not gas weld or braze panels at areas other than specified.

Spot Welder Tip Shape


(1) Always check the welded spots to ensure they are secure.

(2) When smoothing out the weld spots with a disc grinder, be careful not to grind off too much as this will weaken the weld.


(1) Avoid welding over previously welded areas.


(1) The shape of the tip point of the spot welder significantly affects the strength of the weld. Therefore, maintain the tip point in the proper shape, and allow it to cool after every five or six spots.

(2) Completely remove the paint from the areas to be spot welded, including the seams and the surfaces that come in contact with the welding tip.

(3) Use a sander to remove any burrs that are created during spot welding.

DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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